World History.

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World History (by country): 

Austria- When conscientious objection was unthinkable, Austrian farmer Franz Jägerstätter in World War II refuses to fight for the Third Reich.  Photographs. Video.

England-  Humanist portraits by Hans Holbein the Younger (German, 1497-1543) during his first visit to England, 1526 to 1528.

France- Through her writings, the life and death of St. Thérèse of Lisieux (1873-1897), a French Carmelite nun. Photographs. Video. St. Joan of Arc, France’s Warrior-Maid, in Art and Literature.

Germany- German resister to the Nazi regime, Alfred Delp, S.J., is a Ph.D. social scientist and Catholic priest who is imprisoned and executed during World War II– but not before his writings are smuggled out. Photographs. Video.

Ireland- Profiles of 14 Irish rebels executed during the 1916 Easter Rising in Dublin. Photographs.

Scotland- Young King James IV of Scotland (1473-1513) is killed at the Battle of Flodden Field (1513). Illustrations.

United States- RFK 1968-Fifty Years Later.   African American composers William Grant Still, Florence B. Price, Harry T. Burleigh, William Levi Dawson, and Mary Lou Williams.  Kennedy’s 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis and Trump’s 2017 North Korean Crisis. Hillary Clinton, Bernie Sanders and superdelegates in the 2016 Democratic primaries for president of the United States.  U.S. gun ownership –data and analysis. Quotes of legendary CBS News anchor Walter Cronkite on the role of the media. Photographs. The Doughboy statue (1921) by sculptor John Paulding in Wheaton, Illinois, popularly memorializes veterans of World War One.  St. Michael Church (1852) in Chicago’s Old Town survives the Great Chicago Fire of 1871. Photographs. PART 1 Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Chicago Freedom Movement: Coming to Chicago. Photographs. PART 2 Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Chicago Freedom Movement: Starting the Campaign. Photographs.  PART 3 Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Chicago Freedom Movement: the march on Marquette Park. Photographs. Historic Chicago Harbor Lighthouse. Photograph.  Ray Kroc’s very first McDonald’s franchise restaurant started in 1955 in Des Plaines, Illinois, slated for the wrecking ball. Photographs/illustrations.  Chicago Symphony Orchestra Music Directors Fritz Reiner (1888-1963), Jean Martinon (1910-1976), and Georg Solti (1912-1997). Photographs.