Art History.

Dialogue with Miguel Aguilar and Chris Silva, Conversation Pieces. Expo Chicago/2016.

FEATURED IMAGE (left to right): David Adler, floor plan, 1912 (WORKS OF DAVID ADLER, CHICAGO ARCHITECT); Pierre-Auguste Renoir, The Swing, 1876, oil on canvas, Musée d’Orsay (THE “TRICKY BUSINESS” OF THE CAILLLEBOTTE BEQUEST); Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger, Captain Thomas Lee in Irish Dress, oil on canvas, 1594, Tate Britain (COMPLETE ART WORKS OF MARCUS GHEERAERTS THE YOUNGER); Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Jane Avril, color lithograph in 5 colors, 1893 (TOULOUSE-LAUTREC’S COMPLETE MASS PRODUCED COLOR POSTERS).

FRENCH ART in the 17th Century: Valentin de Boulogne (1591-1632).

FEATURE IMAGE: Valentin de Boulogne (1591-1632), Allegory of Rome, 1628, oil on canvas, 330 x 245 cm, Villa Lante (Institutum Romanum Finlandiae Foundation). Villa Lante in Rome is an example of the work of the 16th century Raphael school in the reign of the Medici popes. The Renaissance villa, which was a residence for Roman […]

FRENCH ART in the 16th Century.

FEATURE image: Ulysses and Penelope, Francesco Primaticcio called Le Primatice (1504-1570), Toledo Museum of Art, c. 1560, oil on canvas, 44 3/4 x 48 3/4 in. (113.6 x 123.8 cm). Jean Perréal’s most important attribution is this portrait of Louis XII who was King of France from 1498 to 1515. Louis XII was married three […]

FRENCH ART in the 15th Century.

FEATURE image: DETAIL, Henri Bellechose (1415-1440), École de Bourgogne, Retable de saint Denis, 1416, https://collections.louvre.fr/ark:/53355/cl010063178 Retable de Saint Denis, (above), was completed in 1416 for the church of the Charterhouse of Champmol that is adjacent to Dijon. The artwork’s attribution has long been debated between Bellechose and Jean Malouel (1370-1415). Written evidence points to Bellechose possibly only […]

Art Treasures from the ALTE PINAKOTHEK, MUNICH, Germany. (15 images).

FEATURE image: The Satyr at the Farmer’s (“Der Satyr beim Bauern”), Jacob Jordaens (Flemish, 1593-1678), c.1620. Housing much of the city’s most famous artwork, this museum’s collection includes renowned international works from the 14th through the 18th centuries. The painting is impressively large. The captivating faces express concern, joy, hope, even confusion. “The Four Holy […]

Paintings and Graphic Art of EDVARD MUNCH (1863-1944), Norway’s Symbolist Artist who made “The Scream” and First Expressed the Individual’s Anguish in Modern Society.

FEATURE image: Edvard Munch, The Scream, 1895, pastel on cardboard, private collection. By John P. Walsh Edvard Munch (1863-1944) was a Symbolist and Expressionist artist from Norway. In the 1890s, anti-naturalism mainly took the form of Symbolism – that is, the fascination with many types of literature and the inclination to draw upon these sources […]

UTAGAWA HIROSHIGE (1797-1858). Ukiyo-e Master.

FEATURE image: Memorial Portrait of Hiroshige, 1858, Utagawa Kunisada (1786-1865), Museum of Fine Arts Boston. Hiroshige is best known for his horizontal-format landscape series The Fifty-Three Stations of the Tōkaidō and his vertical format landscape series One Hundred Views of Edo. His subjects are an expansion of the ukiyo-e genre, adding to its usual focus […]

Origins of German Expressionist Painting: Early Modern Art of ALEXEI VON JAWLENSKY (1864-1941), Russian-Émigré Painter, from 1889 to the Blue Rider in Munich in 1911.

FEATURE Image: Jawlensky, Hügel (Hills), 1912, oil on hardboard, Museum am Ostwall, Dortmund. Alexei von Jawlensky (1864-1941), Russian-émigré German Expressionist painter. SUMMARY: Alexei von Jawlensky (1864-1941), a young Russian-émigré artist to Germany beginning in the mid 1890’s, became one of the most progressive avant-garde modernist artists of his generation. His international search—from Russia to France, […]

ITALIAN ART in the 16th Century.

FEATURE image: Dosso Dossi (c. 1489–1542), Melissa, 1520s. 69.25 x 68.5 inches, Borghese Gallery, Rome. Dosso Dossi (c. 1489-1542)– whose actual name was Giovanni de Lutero–was an Italian Renaissance painter who belonged to the School of Ferrara. Among scores of artists who painted mainly in the Venetian style influenced by Giorgione (c. 1477-1510), Dosso Dossi […]

The Battle of Anghiari (1503-06) in Florence by LEONARDO DA VINCI (1452-1519) and a Fabled Competition with Michelangelo for Laurel of Italy’s Greatest High Renaissance Artist.

FEATURE image: Peter Paul Rubens, Copy of Leonardo’s Battle of the Standard (from the Battle of Anghiari), 1603, Louvre. On May 2, 2019, the world remembered the day 500 years ago when Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), Italian Renaissance artist and polymath, died. The 67-year-old applied the spheres of the human brain to its many branches of […]

LEE MILLER (1907-1977), Photographer, Surrealist, and Aesthete, Part 1: the Poughkeepsie years, 1907-1925.

FEATURE image: The Millers in 1920. Lee, Erik, Theodore, Florence and John. The Millers, Theodore, Elizabeth Lee, Erik, John and Florence, in 1923. By John P. Walsh In the first decades of the twentieth century it became increasingly common practice for established American families to reflect and display their personal lives as well as social […]

Photographic Portraits of 19th-Century French Cultural Figures in Paris by NADAR (1820-1910): History and Commentary.

FEATURE image: Nadar, Marie Laurent (1826-1904), Paris, c. 1856.  By John P. Walsh. This presentation is excerpted from content of university course I taught whose research project is ongoing. Nadar was born on April 6, 1820 to 26-year-old Thérèse Maillet and 49-year-old Victor Tournachon at 195 rue Saint-Honoré in Paris. His parents didn’t marry until […]

EUGÈNE ATGET (1857-1927, French): Photographer Dans Le Vieux Paris.

FEATURE image: Eugène Atget, Place Saint-Médard, 1889-99. Eugène Atget, Photographer’s Studio, c. 1910. Atget was born in 1857 near Bordeaux (Libourne) and after his parents died in 1862, the 5-year-old boy was brought up by his grandparents in Bordeaux. Atget received a solid education and, similar to Paul Gauguin, eventually went to sea in the […]

HENRI DE TOULOUSE-LAUTREC (1864-1901): 31 Mass-Produced Posters in Color, 1891-1900.

FEATURE image: Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (1864-1901), La Revue Blanche, 1895, Paris. Lithograph in four colors. By John P. Walsh The nineteenth century in France brought about a radical transformation of the role of the artist. In place of artwork for aristocratic patrons, artists in all media were increasingly left to their own devices and began […]

Life of JOAN OF ARC (1412-1431), Martyr-Maid of France, in Paintings.

FEATURE image: Joan of Arc was condemned as a heretic by 37 judges sympathetic to her enemies in England. The next day, May 30, 1431, the 19-year-old French visionary and soldier was burned at the stake in the market place of Rouen, France. Illustrations by French artist, Octave Denis Victor Guillonnet (1872-1967), are in the […]

Complete signed, dated, documented and inscribed artworks (33 paintings) of MARCUS GHEERAERTS THE YOUNGER (c. 1562-1636). Featuring “Captain Thomas Lee in Irish Dress,” oil on canvas, 1594, in Tate Britain.

FEATURE image: Detail, Queen Elizabeth I. Ditchley portrait. Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger, 1592. Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger, Captain Thomas Lee in Irish Dress, oil on canvas, 1594 (purchased 1980), Tate Britain. Captain Thomas Lee (c.1551-1601) had his portrait painted by 33-year-old Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger (Bruges, 1561-1636) in London in 1594. Captain Lee was 43 years old […]

JOHN SINGER SARGENT (1856-1925, American): Portraits of the 1870’s and 1880’s.

FEATURE image: Margaret Stuyvesant Rutherfurd White (Mrs. Henry White), 1883, oil on canvas, 225.1 × 143.8 cm (88 5/8 × 56 5/8 in.), National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. from Corcoran Collection, 2014. By John P. Walsh The art works by John Singer Sargent (1856-1925) in this post are ones in oil, watercolor, and pastel. […]

FRANCISCO DE GOYA (1746-1828): First Suites of Tapestry Cartoons for the Princes of Asturias in Madrid, 1775 to 1778.

FEATURED image: Francisco de Goya (1746-1828), The Kite (detail), 1777/78. Oil on canvas, 269 x 285 cm. These are a selection of the first two suites of decorative tapestry cartoons (or designs) completed for El Escorial in 1775 and El Palacio Real del Pardo between 1776 and 1778 by Spanish artist Francisco de Goya (1746-1828) . Both […]

Works of DAVID ADLER (1882-1949), Beaux-arts Chicago architect of “the Great House.”

FEATURE image: Staff members of The Charles A. Stonehill Estate on the beach, c. 1912. By John P. Walsh David Adler (January 3, 1882 – September 27, 1949) was an American architect who made major contributions in domestic architecture for mostly affluent clients in and around Chicago. Different than German-American modernist architect Mies van der Rohe (1886-1969) who also practiced […]

Review: VAN GOGH’S BEDROOMS, The Art Institute of Chicago, February 14-May 10, 2016.

FEATURE image: Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam. “Netherlands-4024 – Van Gogh Gallery” by archer10 (Dennis) is marked with CC BY-SA 2.0. The photograph above depicts the three versions of Van Gogh’s “Bedroom” in Arles, France, in this blockbuster exhibition’s penultimate gallery. From the collections (left to right) of the Musée d’Orsay, Paris (1889), The Art Institute of Chicago (1889), and […]

PAUL GAUGUIN (1848-1903) and the creation of Oviri (Savage), the Symbolist artist’s mysterious she-wolf figure exhibited in Paris in 1895.

FEATURE image: Paul Gauguin, Oviri (Savage),1894, stone, 75 x 19 x 27 cm, Musée d’Orsay, Paris. Public Domain. By John P. Walsh By 1887 French Post-Impressionist artist Paul Gauguin (1848-1903) had created over 50 ceramic sculptures and carved several decorative panels. So it may be expected that during his interlude in Paris between 1893 and 1895 that […]

PAUL GAUGUIN (1848-1903): 3 monotypes produced in Paris, 1893-1895, inspired by Tahiti – Tahitians Fishing; Tahitian Landscape; Tahitian Idol-The Goddess Hina.

FEATURE Image: Paul Gauguin, Tahitian Idol-The Goddess Hina, 1894/95 – woodcut in black ink, over ochre and red, with touches of white and green inks, on tan wove paper, 5.78 x 4.72 inches (147 x 120 mm). The Art Institute of Chicago, Edward McCormick Blair collection. By John P. Walsh To take a look at […]

Portraits of JOSHUA REYNOLDS (1723-1792).

FEATURE image: Joshua Reynolds, Richard Eliot (1733-1746), 1743-44, 48.2 x 43 cm, Private Collection. See no. 4 below for the painting’s story. Notes by John P. Walsh Reverend Mr. Thomas Smart was Vicar of Maker when, in 1735, 11-year-old Joshua Reynolds painted his portrait. It was the same year the sitter died. This print is […]

The Art of Connoisseurship, or How THE ART INSTITUTE OF CHICAGO’S TITIAN PAINTING was Discovered to be a Work by an “Imitator.”

FEATURE image: Allegory of Venus and Cupid, c. 1600, Imitator of Titian (Tiziano Vecellio, Italian, c. 1485/90-1576), oil on canvas, 51 1/8 x 61 1/8 in. (129.9 x 155.3 cm). Charles H. and Mary F.S. Worcester Collection, 1943.90. By John P. Walsh The pleasant if heavily-restored late 16th century allegorical painting in the collection of […]

French Cartoonist fêted, later revealed as Nazi collaborator during World War II: CHAVAL (1915-1968) and the purpose of art history and today’s art exhibitions.

FEATURE image: Chaval’s cartoons, mainly wordless, are often derisive, ironic and filled with dark humor. In the 1950s Chaval was mentioned in American publications with cartoonists such as James Thurber, Charles Addams and William Steig. By John P. Walsh The 53-year-old French cartoonist’s suicide in Paris in winter 1968 served as a tragic end to a […]

GUSTAVE CAILLEBOTTE (1848-1894): The “Tricky Business” of the Caillebotte Bequest.

FEATURE image: Pierre-Auguste Renoir, The Swing, 1876, oil on canvas, 36 1/2 x 28 1/2 inches. Musée d’Orsay, Paris. By John P. Walsh Gustave Caillebotte (1848-1894) and Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919) exhibited together in the Second Impressionist Exhibition in 1876 and became lifelong friends. Just two years later, in 1878, Caillebotte appointed Renoir to be executor […]

GUSTAVE CAILLEBOTTE (1848-1894) and the 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th Impressionist Art Exhibitions in Paris, 1879-1882.

FEATURE image: P.A.-Renoir, A Luncheon at Bougival, 1881, The Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C. The Seventh Impressionist Exhibition – 1882. By John P. Walsh In the five years between the “balanced and coherent” Third Impressionist Art Exhibition in April 1877 and the penultimate Seventh Impressionist Art Exhibition in March 1882 which included Gustave Caillebotte’s The Bezique Game, significant […]

GUSTAVE CAILLEBOTTE (1848-1894) and the 2nd (1876) and 3rd (1877) Impressionist Art Exhibitions in Paris.

FEATURE image: Gustave Caillebotte, Paris street; a rainy day (Rue de Paris, Temps de pluie), 1877, The Art Institute of Chicago. Caillebotte submitted his painting to the Third Impressionist Art Exhibition held in Paris in 1877. The first Impressionist exhibition was held in Paris in 1874. Gustave Caillebotte (1848-1894) who had in 1875 divided a […]