Art History/Criticism is an area of study that involves proficiency in visual analysis and historical and cultural interpretation. The discipline of Art History engages, understands and interprets architecture and design, material culture, fashion, film and video, painting, sculpture, prints, photographs and other works on paper, as well as performance and installation art, to identify its most important forms of visual expression among more. Its subject matter extends from antiquity to 2020 and the art objects that are researched and under comment and review are drawn from geographically diverse cultures around the globe.
Art History is a discipline that strives to understand works of art, architecture and design from a variety of perspectives, including the original context of their making and reception as well as their subsequent circulation, collection, conservation, and display. As culturally embedded expressions, works of art may yield multiple meanings depending on the kinds of research and interpretive strategies that art historians bring into play. These might include consultation of original archives, philosophical and critical discourses, as well as research into social history or formal analysis—Stanford University Department of Art & Art History.